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Mechanism of Silver Nanoparticles Deposition by Electrolysis and Electroless Methods on a Graphite Substrate
Authors: Prof. Dr. Mahmoud A. Rabah (1*), Prof. Dr. Nabil Nassif Girgis (2)
This study shows a silver electrodeposition model (EDM) on a graphite substrate. The electrolyte was a 0.01 M solution of pure silver and chromium nitrate using an electrolyzing cell. EDC with current density up to 20 mA/cm2 and 15 mV and pulse current were studied. Results revealed that silver deposited at a rate of 0.515 mg/cm2/min with 12 mA /cm2 that decreases to 0.21 and 0.16 mg/cm2.min with the decrease of current density to 6 and 5 mA/cm2 respectively. The model postulates that silver ions (a) were first hydrated before diffusing (b) from the solution bulk to the cathode vicinity, the next step (c) involved the chemical adsorption of these ions on certain accessible sites of the graphite substrate (anode), the discharged entities (d) adhere to the graphite surface by Van der Vales force. Silver ions are deposited because the discharge potential of silver is low (0.38 mV) as compared to other metal ions like chromium (0.82 mV). Pulse current controls silver deposition due to flexibility in controlling steps (a) - (c) of the deposition mechanisms.
Silver and chromium nanoparticles, Electrolysis, Electroless deposition, Chemical deposition, Pulse current, Graphite substrate.Download PDF