Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Diabetic Patients Towards Foot Care at Al-Daraga Health Center, Wad Madani Al Kubra Locality, Gezira State, Sudan, (2020)
Author: Authors: Dr. Imad Eldin Eljack Suleiman Ahmed(1), Dr. Gamal Mustafa Abdalla Ahmed(2), Dr. Sami Hayati Ahmed Abu Nayeb(3)
Ph.D. Department of family and community medicine, University of Gezira, Sudan(1), Associate professor of surgery, department of surgery at faculty of medicine, University of Gezira, Sudan(2), PHC, MOHAP. U.A.E(3)
Background: The incidence of foot ulcers ranges from 8% to 17 % [Crawford F, Inkster M, Kleijnen J, Fahey 2007]and others like peripheral neuropathy, peripheral arterial disease.
Objectives: The aim of the study is to identify the knowledge, attitude and practice of diabetic patients on foot care.
Patients and Methods: Across-sectional study of randomly selected 360 patients of diabetic patients that attend at Al-Daraga Health Center, Wad Madani, Al Kubra locality, Gezira state, during period of one-month 2020. Data was collected via face-to-face interviews by using questionnaire and analyzed by (SPSS).
Results: The results showed that there is excellent knowledge about diabetes complications, complications (94,4%), and that there is high knowledge of taking medications regularly to prevent complications (82.2%), about practicing such as washing feet daily and changing socks daily. Consultation of doctors when any symptoms appeared were good with knowledge more than 50% of each. But there's lack of knowledge by more than 50% for things such as washing the feet by warm water with water temperature checked, and dried feet after washed. There is a lack of practicing with more than 50%, about things such as checking the feet daily and checking the shoes before wearing.
Conclusion: Not only good knowledge is needed for footcare, but also good attitude and practice are needed. It is necessary to firstly develop awareness of diabetes and the related complications one amongst which is footcare. Certain educational strategies should be established for both doctors and the patients. I recommended establishing a program like group discussion to patients towards footcare. This study will be helpful in providing evidence regarding the importance of foots care and empowered within the diabetic population.
Diabetic Patients, Foot Care, Knowledge, Sudan