The Prevalence and Factors associated with Burnout among Sudanese Health Care Professionals at Primary Health Care Centers in Wad Madani Al-Kubra (Sudan), and Sharjah (UAE), 20 October – 20 November 2020
Authors: Dr. Mohaid Mubark Ahmed (1*), Dr. Osman Hamid Abdulhamid(2), Dr. Imad Eldin Eljack Suleiman(3)
PHC, MOH, Shrjah, United Arab Emirates (1), MRCGP, MSc, CIC, DTM&H, Faculty of medicine, University of Gezira, Sudan(2), Ph.D, Department of family and community medicine University of Gezira, Sudan(3)
Burnout has long been recognized as a major problem among healthcare professionals and has become much more prevalent in the last decades. Beside healthcare professionals, it also negatively impacts the quality of health care services and patients.
To identify the prevalence and factors associated with burnout among health care professionals at primary health care center in Wad Madani Al-Kubra (Sudan) and Sharjah (UAE). This is a comparative, analytical, cross-sectional health facility-based study conducted in primary health care (PHC) at Wad Madani Al-Kubra (Sudan) and Sharjah (UAE). The study assessed burnout among (75 participants in Wad Madani) out of 77 health care professionals with response rate of (97.4%), as well as it assessed (75 participants in Sharjah) out of 86 health care professionals with response rate of (87.2%). For assessment of burnout, the study calculated its prevalence and grade using method of evaluation modified from Maslach Burnout Inventory.
All participants whose score was >10 out of 30 considered as positive for burnout. Low, moderate and high burnout was reported for cases score (<10, 11-20, 21-30).
Chi-Square test was used for calculation of significance at P value < 0.05 and 95% CI. The data was analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, ver. 25). Females in Wad Madani & Sharjah groups were (82.7% and 77.3% respectively).Prevalence of burnout in Madani and Sharjah groups was reported with a considerable percentage (45.3% and 57.3%), (P value = 0.096). Low burnout was reported in 52(69.3%) for each of Wad Madani and Sharjah group.
High burnout was reported in only 3 participants in Wad Madani group. Burnout is significantly higher among females when compared to males (57.5% vs. 26.7% respectively, P = 0.002). Burnout is significantly increase within increasing in number of patients met per day. The prevalence rate of medical personnel burnout in Alsharja primary health centers, UAE was found slightly higher than Wad Madani group, but no a statistically significant difference between the two groups. Recognition of burnout by health authorities and putting measures to rectify it.
Burnout, healthcare, workload, depression, depersonalization, exhaustion